Observed on 16 October every year, World Spine Day focuses on raising awareness on spinal health and other spine disorders. The day is observed as a part of the Bone and Joint Decade Action Week and was launched by the World Federation of Chiropractic in 2012.
The theme for World Spine Day 2019 is Get Spine Active! The theme aims to shine a light on the opportunity people have in preventing back and neck pain by movement and exercise, one of the key focuses in international health promotion.
On this World Spine Day, let us look at the different types of problems that can affect your spinal disc.
What Are Spinal Disc Problems?
Excruciating pain in the back that restricts you from doing even the simplest of tasks? You may be suffering from spinal disc problems. Spinal discs are located between each bone of your spine act as a shock absorber for the spine.
Pain in your spinal disc is an indication or a warning signal that has to be given immediate medical attention, as spinal disc problems can be corrected with timely treatment .
What Are The Complications Of Spinal disc Problems?
When you experience problems with one or more of your discs, it can negatively affect your day-to-day life as mentioned below :
- Impaired mobility
- Muscle weakness
- Inability to work
- Difficulty sleeping
- Muscle pain and weakness
What Are The Types Of Spinal Disc Problems?
The problems affecting your spinal disc are of different types and they are as follows :
- Herniated disc: Also known as prolapsed, slipped or ruptured disc, it is one of the most common issues affecting your spinal disc. It is common in men and women ages 30 to 50, although they also occur in active children and young adults and occurs when the inner, gel-like material bulges out of a disc.
- Pinched nerve: This type of spinal disc problem is caused as a result of a herniated disc. If you have a herniated disc in your lower spine, it can place pressure on your nerve root, which causes radiating pain shooting down the back of your leg .
- Sciatica: Similar to a pinched nerve, sciatica is not a medical condition itself, but instead, is the symptoms of another medical condition that affect your spinal disc such as degenerative disc disease, spinal stenosis etc.
- Degenerative disc disease: A condition that develops with age, degenerative disc disease is common and affects the majority of the population. The condition develops when the damage to your discs causes pain and is caused due to low blood supplies in your discs .
- Spinal stenosis: Located in the neck and lower back, spinal stenosis causes pain due to the pressure applied to the nerves that travel through the spine. People over the age of 50 are at greater risk of spinal stenosis, but younger people are prone to develop it as a result of congenital spinal deformities, genetic diseases affecting bone and muscle development or trauma .
- Bulging disc: This condition is often confused with that of herniated discs. However, bulging disc is when you have bulges along the rear and side portions of your discs, placing pressure on the nerve and causing pain.
What Are The Symptoms Of Spinal Disc Problems?
The signs of the conditions vary according to its location, and the specific symptoms about the different types of spinal disc problems.
The symptoms of a herniated disc vary from one person to the other and are as follows :
- Arm pain
- Leg pain
The symptoms of a pinched nerve are as follows :
- Feeling as though limbs (legs, feet or hands) have fallen asleep
- Muscle weakness
- Numbness in areas affected by the nerve
- Pins and needles sensations in affected areas
- Sharp, aching or burning pain radiating outward